SPI *Journal Article Financial Security

Predictors of and Barriers to Receipt of Advance Premium Tax Credits


Objectives: The Advance Premium Tax Credit (APTC) is designed to remedy lack of health insurance due to cost; however, approximately 30 million Americans remain without health insurance, and millions of households leave billions in tax credits unclaimed each year. A prerequisite of APTC is to file one’s taxes; however, few studies have examined tax filing and APTC jointly. This study examined the relationship between tax filing and applying for APTC, as well as perceived barriers to and sociodemographic characteristics associated with applying for the APTC.

Study Design: Descriptive study.

Methods: Researchers surveyed 372 Marketplace-insured members who were eligible for APTC.

Results: Most of the sample filed personal taxes in 2019 and planned to file taxes in 2020, yet only 23% applied for the APTC in 2019, and 26.3% were planning to apply in 2020. Most commonly, respondents were not going to apply because they believed they were not eligible (53.5%), they did not know about the APTC (15.8%), and they did not know whether they were eligible (9.9%). Logistic regression modeling found that employment, income, and race were significantly associated with applying for the APTC.

Conclusions: Barriers to applying for the APTC were unrelated to tax filing and were specific to a lack of knowledge about the APTC and eligibility. These results indicate the need to build knowledge and awareness of the APTC and eligibility and to target groups least likely to apply. Implications and future directions are discussed.


Acri, M., Beck, A., Chun, Y., Shannon, M., Roll, S., & Grinstein-Weiss, M. (2022). Predictors of and Barriers to Receipt of Advance Premium Tax Credits. The American Journal of Managed Care, 28(11). https://www.ajmc.com/view/predictors-of-and-barriers-to-receipt-of-advance-premium-tax-credits