Research Response to COVID-19

Socioeconomic Impact of COVID-19 Survey

COVID-19 has dramatically shifted the world, and applying lessons learned during the pandemic will be critical as we not only rebuild our economy, but make it more equitable, too. In response to the pandemic, SPI administered the Socioeconomic Impact of COVID-19 survey in both the United States and Israel. Multiple waves of each survey will be administered.

United States Survey

 The survey in the U.S. was designed to accomplish the following objectives:

  • Measure the social and economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic;
  • Assess how households are engaging with public- and employer-based programs that aim to mitigate the far-reaching impacts of COVID-19;
  • Understand how the impacts of COVID-19 and the effects of COVID-19-associated policy responses differ based on key household characteristics such as race/ethnicity, geography, family status, and income.

The survey was administered with oversight from an advisory committee with representation and experts from the field. Wave 2 of the survey was translated and distributed in English and Spanish. The survey have been distributed to approximately 5,500 respondents from all 50 U.S. states during the following months:

  • Wave 1: Late-April to mid-May
  • Wave 2: Late-August to early-September
  • Wave 3: November-December
  • Wave 4: Planned for February 2021

The survey is internet-based and fielded through Qualtrics and includes 200 questions. Questions cover demographics, employment, gig employment, assets, debt, financial status, well-being, food security, housing and other hardships, health, COVID-19 symptoms, perspectives about the pandemic, social benefits during COVID-19, and education.

Israel Survey

A similar survey was fielded in Israel to examine the socioeconomic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The national survey in Israel has been distributed during the following months:

  • Wave 1: June to early-July, 2020
  • Wave 2: Mid-September to mid-October, 2020
  • Wave 3: Currently in the field

The survey collects data on approximately 2,300 respondents in each wave and consists of both a cross-sectional and a panel component, allowing researchers to analyze robust samples of households in each wave and track outcomes within households over time.

It is administered via Qualtrics to the online survey panel of Israeli adults by a local research firm in Israel. The first survey was fielded in Hebrew; subsequent surveys are being administered in both Hebrew and Arabic.

Approximately 150 questions are included in each wave of the survey, covering the topics of household demographics, employment, gig employment, business ownership, assets, debt, well-being, housing, material hardships, health, exposure to COVID-19, perspectives about the pandemic, government support, and children’s education.